Tuesday, July 17, 2018 by KUT News

Court orders Council to put CodeNEXT petition on the ballot

A district judge has ordered City Council to put a petition on the November ballot that, if passed, would require Land Development Code rewrites, such as CodeNEXT, to be approved by voters.

The judge ruled that Council has a duty to put the measure on the ballot in November.

To be clear, voters will not be weighing in on CodeNEXT in November. They will be voting on whether to require a vote on such development code rewrites.

The city had argued that it was illegal to put zoning measures on the ballot.

“The city council, by state law, has to have a mandatory hearing before doing zoning. Because you can’t have a hearing before the entire electorate, that’s the rationale,” said Jane Webre, attorney for the city.

Lawyer Fred Lewis argued against the city.

“To keep people from voting, there has to be a clear and compelling reason. It isn’t just that the city has a good argument, they have to have the only argument that’s reasonable,” Lewis said.

Without an inextricable link between zoning and land development, Lewis argued state law shouldn’t prohibit the public from voting on a future iteration of the Land Development Code.

In an emailed statement, the city acknowledged the order.

“While we respect the Judge’s decision, it leaves unresolved questions about whether zoning is an appropriate subject for election,” the statement said.

Austin’s current Land Development Code features 400 pages of zoning in a 1,254-page document, and zoning has been the largest chapter in every CodeNEXT draft.

In March, activists filed a petition with the city asking that residents get a chance to vote on all land development code rewrites, including, eventually, CodeNEXT. Once that petition was certified, Council members had two options: either accept the changes in the petition or put it to a public vote.

In an unusual move, Council members voted to do neither, citing outside counsel who told them Texas courts have ruled zoning matters should not go on a ballot. Council was split for that vote, with Mayor Pro Tem Kathie Tovo and Council members Alison Alter, Ora Houston and Leslie Pool voting against.

CodeNEXT has further defined the cracks between neighborhood preservationists and those who support denser housing.

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This story was produced as part of the Austin Monitor’s reporting partnership with KUT. Photo by Martin do Nascimento/KUT.

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Key Players & Topics In This Article

Austin City Council: The Austin City Council is the body with legislative purview over the City of Austin. It offers policy direction, while the office of the City Manager implements administrative actions based on those policies. Until 2012, the body contained seven members, including the city's Mayor, all elected at-large. In 2012, City of Austin residents voted to change that system and now 10 members of the Council are elected based on geographic districts. The Mayor continues to be elected at-large.

CodeNEXT: CodeNEXT is the name given to the land development code rewrite process undertaken in the early 2010s by the City of Austin.

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