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Thursday, September 28, 2017 by Syeda Hasan
After demolition plans are scrapped, segregation-era school could become museum
After much debate over redevelopment, Austin is considering buying the Montopolis Negro School to preserve the segregation-era property.
At the height of segregation, there were 42 schools for black children throughout Travis County; the Montopolis school is one of the few still standing. The school sits vacant in a largely empty field in East Austin.
The property’s owner, Austin Stowell, had originally planned to tear down the building and build a community of single-family homes. The move alarmed neighborhood preservationists and residents who attended the school.
Activists began to speak up in December, right after the city’s Historic Landmark Commission failed to give the property a historic designation. Stowell, who says he wasn’t aware of the property’s historical significance when he bought it, has since put his plans on hold.
City Council is set to vote today on whether to buy the site from him.
“I don’t foresee, if the city purchased it, that it would be anything other than both a historic building and public parkland,” Stowell said.
If Council members approve the measure, the city would restore the schoolhouse and convert it into a museum. To neighborhood preservationists, the building is an important relic of Austin’s segregated past.
Fred McGhee, author of “Austin’s Montopolis Neighborhood,” has been a prominent voice in the preservation efforts. He said he feels it’s important to preserve the entire site, not just the building.
“We wanted this iconic piece of our neighborhoods, of our community’s heritage, properly preserved, respected as a park and a museum,” McGhee said.
Council Member Pio Renteria, whose district includes the Montopolis school site, said the best option is for the city to buy it.
“When we were doing the budget session, discussion came about (of) using the Hotel Occupancy Tax to buy or to preserve some of our older sites,” he said.
Austin could pay for the purchase using money from the hotel tax. Just last month, Council voted to direct more money from the tax revenue to historic preservation efforts.
Renteria said the case has shed light on potential changes to the Historic Landmark Commission. Right now, many historic zoning cases require a vote of two-thirds of the commission. The Montopolis school fell just short of meeting that mark. Renteria wants to change the requirement to a simple majority vote, reducing one of the hurdles to preserving historic properties.
This story was produced as part of the Austin Monitor’s reporting partnership with KUT. Photo by Martin do Nascimento/KUT.
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Key Players & Topics In This Article
Austin City Council: The Austin City Council is the body with legislative purview over the City of Austin. It offers policy direction, while the office of the City Manager implements administrative actions based on those policies. Until 2012, the body contained seven members, including the city's Mayor, all elected at-large. In 2012, City of Austin residents voted to change that system and now 10 members of the Council are elected based on geographic districts. The Mayor continues to be elected at-large.
historic preservation: Official actions of a municipality such as the City of Austin taken to preserve structures with their jurisdiction. Preservation is often accompanied by a property tax exemption.
Montopolis: An East Austin neighborhood bounded by Grove Street to the west, Texas State Highway 71 to the south and the Southeast Austin neighborhood and U.S. Route 183 to the east. It is located in District 3.