Austin Energy struggles to fill vacancies with outdated hiring process
Facing a wave of retirement over the next three to five years, Austin Energy urgently needs to revamp its hiring approach, staff told the Electric Utility Commission at its March 20 meeting.
“We do very passive recruiting here,” said Chief Financial Officer Mark Dombroski at the meeting. “We need to change that. We need to go after them.”
Many of the retirements will be from technical positions, according to a recent workforce profile, explained Chief Operating Officer Elaina Ball. “They are the backbone of our system,” she said. “You can’t hire that expertise in a consultant off the street.”
And yet hiring contractors is exactly what Austin Energy is forced to do when it can’t fill vacancies, paying them two or three times as much as they would an employee to do the same work. “It’s not cheaper for us to leave (a position) vacant; it’s actually more expensive,” Dombroski said.
According to Austin Energy’s human resource statistics for the past year, 44 percent of vacancies are a result of internal promotions within the department, 27 percent are from retirements and 13 percent are from resignations.
“Do you consider that to be a low number for the number of resignations?” asked Commissioner Stefan Wray.
“I don’t have a benchmark,” Dombroski said, “but it’s not far off from industry.”
Over the past half year, Austin Energy’s number of position vacancies has hovered around 6 percent, but the average number of days a position remains vacant rose from 100 days last October to over 140 days in February.
The department confronts a few challenges in bringing on new talent. Lacking a human capital management system, Austin Energy’s Human Resources Department relies on a manual vetting procedure that can stretch the time from when an opening is posted to when a candidate is chosen to upward of 120 days.
On top of that, city code places restrictions on all departments’ hiring timetables, resulting in what Commissioner Cary Ferchill called a “super duper competitive disadvantage.”
Hiring, which used to be a 45-step process, now is only 18 steps, Dombroski said, so progress has been made. But the department inevitably runs into a wall with its “1970s technology.”
Pay is another big issue, Ball said. It’s hard for the city to match the salaries of private tech and energy companies, although a market study of 15 other utilities is currently underway to analyze the payscales of the more hard-to-fill positions that are unique to municipal utilities.
“It is important that we put together a competitive posture to attract and retain engineers and technical talent to support these cutting-edge programs that we’re employing,” Ball said.
Austin Energy is taking proactive steps to attract a bigger and better candidate pool. There are plans to implement career progression programs, and Dombroski said the utility wants to reach out more to the local community, recruiting at universities, trade schools and even high schools.
Ultimately, however, Austin Energy needs updated technology to meet its hiring goals, namely in the form of a citywide human capital management system. “We’d greatly benefit from that across the board,” Dombroski said.
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Key Players & Topics In This Article
Austin Energy: As a municipally-owned electric utility, Austin Energy is a rarity in the largely deregulated State of Texas. It's annual budget clocks in at over $1 billion. The utility's annual direct transfer of a Council-determined percentage of its revenues offers the city a notable revenue stream.
Electric Utility Commission: The advisory body charged with oversight of Austin Energy, the City of Austin's municipally-owned electric utility.